Enterprise Browser 1.4


Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Certificates can be used by Enterprise Browser to establish a secure connection (via HTTPS) between a device and a server to protect highly confidential transactions such as those involving financial institutions and commerce sites. The Enterprise Browser Webkit supports Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1.2, and allows certificates for clients and servers to be configured according to the security requirements of any application.

This guide explains how client-side certificates are used on Zebra devices running Android and Windows Mobile/CE, how to create them for a device, and how to store and specify their whereabouts on the device so that Enterprise Browser can find them when needed. For help creating server-side certificates, please refer to the server's documentation.


Enterprise Browser https:// requests on Android can be done in two ways:

  • Using system browser navigation with a WebView component:
    • The system browser uses built-in, system-trusted storage for root CAs.
    • Root certificates should be installed from the system menu, and will be used by any application that uses a WebView UI component (such as a browser).
    • Reference navigation in EB also will use this method.
    • EB currently supports only server SSL authentication for WebView.
    • Browser-based client authentication, which was introduced in Android 5, is not currently implemented.
  • Using certificate formats:
    • Certificate files must contain the certificate data between "BEGIN" and "END" lines.
    • Android accepts any certificate format that represents the certificate as encoded text. These typically have a .crt or .pem extension.
    • Certificates in the .der format are not supported. See the OpenSSL section (below) for conversion instructions.

Windows Mobile and CE

To access client certificates from apps made with Enterprise Browser 1.5 and higher for Windows Mobile/CE with Webkit, use the ClientCertPath parameter to specify the path to client certificate files.

To access server certificates (beyond the pre-loaded ones) from apps made with Enterprise Browser for Windows Mobile/CE with Webkit, specify the path to those certificates using the CaFile parameter in the Config.xml file.

The CaFile points to a file containing the certificate data, and the certificate(s) specified there are treated by Webkit as trusted authorities. For example, to use certificates in the file mycert.pem, copy the file to the device and make an entry made in the Config.xml corresponding to the file's location on the device using the syntax below:

<CaFile Value=”\\mycert.pem”>

Note: This applies only to https:// requests made by Webkit.


Tools such as OpenSSL can be useful for creating and working with certificates, and most of of its capabilities are accessible through CLI commands. Some typical usages are shown below. Before proceeding, download OpenSSL and install it.

Generate a self-signed certificate

To create a self-signed certificate, a private key must exist to encrypt into the certificate. Skip to Step 2 if an existing private key can be used. To generate a new key, begin with Step 1.

1. To generate a basic key with no passphrase:

    openssl genrsa -out privkey.pem

2. Next, use the key file generated in Step 1 to create a self-signed certificate:

    openssl req -new -x509 -key privkey.pem -out capturableacert.pem -days 365

3. A series of questions appears. Leave all fields blank (by pressing ENTER) except for the "Common Name" field-- this should contain the domain name that will serve the certificate.

4. Add the private key file to the web server according to the server's documentation.

5. Add the certificate file to the web client as described above.

Inspect a certificate

To decode the contents of a certificate:

            openssl x509 -in cacert.pem -text -noout
  • The Common Name is shown as "Subject: CN="
  • The signing authority is shown as Issuer: CN=, which will be the same as Subject for a self-signed certificate.

Convert certificate format

To convert a .der format certificate to .pem format:

openssl x509 -inform der -in cacert.der -out cacert.pem