Basic Scanning Tutorial using Barcode API

EMDK For Android 4.2

Overview

This guide will walk you through creating an EMDK For Android application that will use Barcode/Scanning APIs introduced in EMDK V 3.0, to perform Scanning operations on your Symbol Android devices without using Profile Wizard. The API uses Barcode Manager, which is the primary object to access barcode scanning feature.

In this tutorial, we will explore the Barcode/Scanning API by using it for developing a basic application that will scan barcodes.

Note: You don't need the Profile Wizard while using the Barcode/Scanning APIs as everything could be configured programmatically through code.

Creating The Project

Note: Provide "BasicScanningTutorial" as the project name for this tutorial.

Start by creating a new Android Studio project.

Enabling Android Permissions

  1. Modify the Application's Manifest.xml to use the EMDK library and to set permission for the EMDK to scan the barcodes.

    You must first enable permissions for 'com.symbol.emdk.permission.EMDK':

    
    <uses-permission android:name="com.symbol.emdk.permission.EMDK" /> 
    

    Then you must enable the EMDK library in your application node:

    
    <uses-library android:name="com.symbol.emdk" />
    

Adding Some Code

  1. Now we will start to add some code.

    First you must add references to the libraries:

    
    import com.symbol.emdk.EMDKManager;
    import com.symbol.emdk.EMDKManager.EMDKListener;
    import com.symbol.emdk.barcode.ScanDataCollection;
    import com.symbol.emdk.barcode.Scanner.DataListener;
    import com.symbol.emdk.barcode.Scanner.StatusListener;
    import com.symbol.emdk.barcode.StatusData;   
    

    Then you must extend the activity to implement EMDKListener.

    After that you also need to implement StatusListener for notifying client applications to notify scan events. Override its onStatus function.

    Finally implement DataListener for notifying client applications when the scan data is available. Override its onData function.

    
    public class MainActivity extends Activity implements EMDKListener, StatusListener, DataListener{  
        //some lines of code omitted for clarity
        @Override  
        public void onClosed() {  
               // TODO Auto-generated method stub  
        }  
        @Override  
        public void onOpened(EMDKManager emdkManager) {  
               // TODO Auto-generated method stub  
        }
        @Override
        public void onData(ScanDataCollection scanDataCollection) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        }
        @Override
        public void onStatus(StatusData statusData) {
                    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        }
    }
    

    We will now create some global variables to hold the instance objects of EMDKManager, BarcodeManager and Scanner. These variables would be used throughout the code.

    We will then add some UI elements starting with a TextView to display the status of scanning operation and then EditText to populate scanned barcode data.

    
    // Declare a variable to store EMDKManager object
    private EMDKManager emdkManager = null;
    
    // Declare a variable to store Barcode Manager object
    private BarcodeManager barcodeManager = null;
    
    // Declare a variable to hold scanner device to scan
    private Scanner scanner = null;
    
    // Text view to display status of EMDK and Barcode Scanning Operations
    private TextView statusTextView = null;
    
    // Edit Text that is used to display scanned barcode data
    private EditText dataView = null;
    
  2. Now, let us design the simple UI that has a TextView to display the status of scanning operation and above that an EditText to populate scanned barcode data.

    So, remove all the code, inside "res/layout/activity_main.xml" and add following XML layout code for UI.

    
    <RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:padding="16dip"
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >
    
      <EditText
      android:id="@+id/editText1"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_above="@+id/textViewStatusTitle"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:ems="10"
      android:fadeScrollbars="true"
      android:inputType="none|textMultiLine" />
    
      <TextView
      android:id="@+id/textViewStatus"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_centerInParent="true"
      android:text="" />
    
      <TextView
      android:id="@+id/textViewStatusTitle"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_above="@+id/textViewStatus"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:layout_marginBottom="15dp"
      android:text="Status:" />
    
    </RelativeLayout>
    

    Note: Press CTRL+SHFT+F or CMD+SHFT+F for indentation.

  3. In the onCreate method, we take reference of UI elements that are declared in "res/layout/activity_main.xml" in order to use them in our Activity. We then call getEMDKManager so that the EMDK can be initialized and checked to see if it is ready.

    
    // Reference to UI elements
    statusTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textViewStatus);
    dataView = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText1);
    
    // The EMDKManager object will be created and returned in the callback.
    EMDKResults results = EMDKManager.getEMDKManager(
            getApplicationContext(), this);
    // Check the return status of getEMDKManager and update the status Text
    // View accordingly
    if (results.statusCode != EMDKResults.STATUS_CODE.SUCCESS) {
        statusTextView.setText("EMDKManager Request Failed");
    }
    
  4. We will write a method initializeScanner to initialize and enable the scanner and its listeners by using Barcode Manager object. The enable method enables the scanner hardware. This method does not make the scanner to scan or turn on the laser. Basically it will make the scanner device available for your application. If the same of scanner is enabled by other applications, this will throws ScannerExceptions. You must call disable() when you are done the scanning, otherwise it will remain locked and be unavailable to other applications.

    Once the barcode is enabled, we will call read method on scanner. The scanning API provides read method that starts an asynchronous Scan. The method will not turn ON the scanner. It will, however, put the scanner in a state in which the scanner can be turned ON either by pressing a hardware trigger or can be turned ON automatically. This is determined by the Scanner.TriggerType. The data notification must registered in order to scan and get the Scan Data. The read request can be canceled by issuing a cancelRead. If a read() is submitted while another read is pending, the method call will fail. It is recommended to check whether a read is pending by calling isReadPending() before submitting a read(). A read() can also be submitted from within onData and onStatus events. If called within onStatus, it should be called only when IDLE status is received. If called within onData, then checking for isReadPending() is recommended.

    Note: The read method allows you to scan the barcode only once. If you want to scan the barcodes multiple times then call read multiple times. Hence later in this tutorial, we will also call read in the onData callback method, which is executed every time a barcode is scanned.

    
    // Method to initialize and enable Scanner and its listeners
    private void initializeScanner() throws ScannerException {
        if (scanner == null) {
            // Get the Barcode Manager object
            barcodeManager = (BarcodeManager) this.emdkManager
                    .getInstance(FEATURE_TYPE.BARCODE);
            // Get default scanner defined on the device
            scanner = barcodeManager.getDevice(DeviceIdentifier.DEFAULT);
            // Add data and status listeners
            scanner.addDataListener(this);
            scanner.addStatusListener(this);
            // Hard trigger. When this mode is set, the user has to manually
            // press the trigger on the device after issuing the read call.
            scanner.triggerType = TriggerType.HARD;
            // Enable the scanner
            scanner.enable();
            // Starts an asynchronous Scan. The method will not turn ON the
            // scanner. It will, however, put the scanner in a state in which
            // the scanner can be turned ON either by pressing a hardware
            // trigger or can be turned ON automatically.
            scanner.read();
        }
    }
    
  5. Now we need to use the onOpened method to get a reference to the EMDKManager. The EMDKListener interface will trigger this event when the EMDK is ready to be used. The EMDKListener interface must be implemented in order to get a reference to the EMDKManager APIs. This event will pass the EMDKManager instance and we assign it to the global variable emdkManager that we created in the earlier steps. We have used that instance to get an instance Barcode Manager to enable scanning.

    Note: Rename the argument of onOpened method from arg0 to emdkManager

    
    this.emdkManager = emdkManager;
    
    try {
        // Call this method to enable Scanner and its listeners
        initializeScanner();
    } catch (ScannerException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    
    // Toast to indicate that the user can now start scanning
    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,
            "Press Hard Scan Button to start scanning...",
            Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();  
    
  6. As mentioned earlier that whenever a barcode is scanned, its data will be received in a callback onData method upon data availability. So we need to get that data, process it in the format we want and populate in the EditText of UI.

    The received data should be processed on a background thread not to block the UI thread. Hence we will use Android's own AsyncTask to process the scanned data on background thread. So we create AsyncTask AsyncDataUpdate that takes ScanDataCollection, which has the scanned data. It then processes this object in doInBackground method to filter the barcode data and label type in strings, which is then passed to the UI thread in onPostExecute method of AsyncTask to Populate.

    As mentioned earlier we would call read method here in this callback so that the user can scan multiple barcodes.

    
    // Update the scan data on UI
    int dataLength = 0;
    
    // AsyncTask that configures the scanned data on background
    // thread and updated the result on UI thread with scanned data and type of
    // label
    private class AsyncDataUpdate extends
            AsyncTask<ScanDataCollection, Void, String> {
    
    
    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(ScanDataCollection... params) {
    
        // Status string that contains both barcode data and type of barcode
        // that is being scanned
        String statusStr = "";
    
        try {
    
            // Starts an asynchronous Scan. The method will not turn ON the
            // scanner. It will, however, put the scanner in a state in
            // which
            // the scanner can be turned ON either by pressing a hardware
            // trigger or can be turned ON automatically.
            scanner.read();
    
            ScanDataCollection scanDataCollection = params[0];
    
            // The ScanDataCollection object gives scanning result and the
            // collection of ScanData. So check the data and its status
            if (scanDataCollection != null
                    &amp;&amp; scanDataCollection.getResult() == ScannerResults.SUCCESS) {
    
                ArrayList&lt;ScanData&gt; scanData = scanDataCollection
                        .getScanData();
    
                // Iterate through scanned data and prepare the statusStr
                for (ScanData data : scanData) {
                    // Get the scanned data
                    String a = data.getData();
                    // Get the type of label being scanned
                    LabelType labelType = data.getLabelType();
                    // Concatenate barcode data and label type
                    statusStr = barcodeData + " " + labelType;
                }
            }
    
        } catch (ScannerException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    
        // Return result to populate on UI thread
        return statusStr;
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
        // Update the dataView EditText on UI thread with barcode data and
        // its label type
        if (dataLength++ &gt; 50) {
            // Clear the cache after 50 scans
            dataView.getText().clear();
            dataLength = 0;
        }
        dataView.append(result + "\n");
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onProgressUpdate(Void... values) {
    }
    
    }

    We call this AsyncTask in overridden onData method, by creating an instance of AsyncDataUpdate and passing the scanDataCollection for further processing.

    
    // Use the scanned data, process it on background thread using AsyncTask
    // and update the UI thread with the scanned results
    new AsyncDataUpdate().execute(scanDataCollection);
    
  7. Whether we scan the barcode by pressing the hard scan key or keep it idle, it returns the status of the scanner at specific point of time in the overridden onStatus method of implemented StatusListener interface. Since we are also displaying the status along with barcode data, we will make use of this method and populate the status.

    Just like scanned data, we are also processing the scanner status on a background thread. Hence we will create another AsyncTask named AsyncStatusUpdate that takes StatusData and processes it in doInBackground method to retrieve state in string format which is populated in status Text View on UI thread in onPostExecute method of the AsyncTask.

    
    // AsyncTask that configures the current state of scanner on background
    // thread and updates the result on UI thread
    private class AsyncStatusUpdate extends AsyncTask<StatusData, Void, String> {
    
    
    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(StatusData... params) {
        String statusStr = "";
        // Get the current state of scanner in background
        StatusData statusData = params[0];
        ScannerStates state = statusData.getState();
        // Different states of Scanner
        switch (state) {
        // Scanner is IDLE
        case IDLE:
            statusStr = "The scanner enabled and its idle";
            break;
        // Scanner is SCANNING
        case SCANNING:
            statusStr = "Scanning..";
            break;
        // Scanner is waiting for trigger press
        case WAITING:
            statusStr = "Waiting for trigger press..";
            break;
        // Scanner is not enabled
        case DISABLED:
            statusStr = "Scanner is not enabled";
            break;
        default:
            break;
        }
    
        // Return result to populate on UI thread
        return statusStr;
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
        // Update the status text view on UI thread with current scanner
        // state
        statusTextView.setText(result);
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
    }
    
    @Override
    protected void onProgressUpdate(Void... values) {
    }
    
    }

    We call this AsyncTask in overridden onStatus method, by creating an instance of AsyncStatusUpdate and passing the StatusData for further processing.

    
    // process the scan status event on the background thread using
    // AsyncTask and update the UI thread with current scanner state
    new AsyncStatusUpdate().execute(statusData);
    
  8. Now let's override the onDestroy method so we can release the EMDKManager resources:

    
    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
     super.onDestroy();
     if (emdkManager != null) {
    
    
    // Clean up the objects created by EMDK manager
    emdkManager.release();
    emdkManager = null;
    
    } }
  9. When we are done with scanning, we must release the scanner hardware resources for other applications to use. So override onStop method and disable the scanner to release it.

    
    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      super.onStop();
      try {
        if (scanner != null) {
            // releases the scanner hardware resources for other application
            // to use. You must call this as soon as you're done with the
            // scanning.
            scanner.removeDataListener(this);
            scanner.removeStatusListener(this);
            scanner.disable();
            scanner = null;
        }
      } catch (ScannerException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
    
  10. Finally, Clean up the objects created by EMDK manager in onClosed method, if EMDK closed abruptly.

    
    // The EMDK closed abruptly. // Clean up the objects created by EMDK
    // manager
    if (this.emdkManager != null) {
    
    
    this.emdkManager.release();
    this.emdkManager = null;
    
    }

That's it!!! We are done with all the coding part that will let us scan the barcodes of configured decoder params on Symbol Android device using Barcode/Scanning APIs introduced in EMDK V 3.0. Now let us run the application.

Running the Application

  1. Connect the device (having latest EMDK runtime) to USB port.

    Note:
    Make sure the device is in USB debug.

  2. Run the application.

    img

    You can see a Toast, which indicates that the Scanner has been enabled and you can start scanning by pressing hard scan button of the device.

  3. Now if you press the hard scan button, the status listener in the code starts working and current status of Scanner is displayed in Status TextView, which is Scanning.

    img

  4. Once you are done with scanning and release the hard scan button, data gets populated on EditText and status is again updated in Status TextView, which is Idle.

    img

    This is how Barcode/Scanning APIs introduced in EMDK V 3.0 can be used to perform Basic Scanning operations on your Symbol devices without using Profile Wizard. We will see the Barcode/Scanning APIs in depth to perform advanced scanning operations in the next tutorial.

Important Programming Tips

  1. It is required to do the following changes in the application's AndroidManifest.xml:

    Note:

    • Include the permission for EMDK:
    
    <uses-permission android:name="com.symbol.emdk.permission.EMDK"/>
    

    Note:

    • Use the EMDK library:
    
    <uses-library android:name="com.symbol.emdk"/>
    
  2. Installing the EMDK for Android application without deploying the EMDK runtime on the Symbol device will fail because of missing shared library on the device.

  3. Use the DataWedge v1.7.12 or higher version to test the ProfileManager.processProfile() for DataWedge profiles.

What's Next

Now that you have learned how to perform Basic Scanning operations on your Symbol Android devices through applications without using Profile Wizard, let us try to understand the API in depth and perform some advanced scanning. So in the next tutorial, we will concentrate on Barcode/Scanning APIs in depth and use it to perform advanced scanning operations by creating a tutorial.